Category: Natural Disaster
Pollution of the open seas by human activities has become a serious problem. Ocean dumping is the dumping or placing of materials in designated places in the ocean, often on the continental shelf. A wide range of materials is involved, including garbage, construction and demolition debris, sewage sludge, dredge material, and waste chemicals. In some cases, ocean dumping is regulated and controlled, while some dumping occurs haphazardly by ships and tankers at sea, or illegally within coastal waters. Incineration at sea of organic wastes, with subsequent dumping, has been allowed as a viable disposal process, both in the United States and in Europe.
BP originally estimated that the Gulf of Mexico oil spill would becontained with robotic submarines, however early attempts to contain the oil spill failed. Now BP and the Obama administration are left with an ever-worsening environmental catastrophe and a spiralling clean-up bill that runs into billions of dollars.
As of Thursday, over 70 lawsuits have been filed against BP and Transocean, with the potential for thousands of claims. The new estimate for the clean-up operation is a whopping $23 billion, however it appears an acoustic trigger that doesn’t fall under mandatory government legislation could have prevented the oil slick.
The oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico is now 80 miles across and the size of Jamaica, and according to new reports is five times worse than first thought, leaking around 5000 barrels into the sea, as opposed to the 1000 barrels first estimated.
The new estimates were released after the discovery of another leak from the pipeline crippled after fire ravaged the Deepwater Horizon rig, and early attempts by robotic submarines to seal the well have failed. Despite the new leak, BP officials have claimed the original estimate of 1000 barrels a day is closer to the truth. However US Coast Guard Rear Admiral Mary Landry disagreed with the statement at a news conference and said she was relying on the new estimate of 5000 barrels from the National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration.